Shab-e-Bara'at falls in mid of Islamic month Shabaan i.e 15th of Shabaan. This night is regard as one of the blessed nights in the Islamic calendar.
The preceding night is known as Laylatul Bara’ah or Laylatun Nisfe min Sha’ban in the Arab world, and as Shab-e-barat (شب برات) in Afghanistan, Iran, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and India. These names are translated to the night of records, the night of assignment, the night of deliverance or the night of salvation, and the observance involves a festive nightlong vigil with prayers.
With regard to the night mentioned in the Qur'an verses:
“We sent it (this Qur’an) down on a blessed night. Verily, We are ever warning [mankind that Our Torment will reach those who disbelieve in Our Oneness of Lordship and in Our Oneness of worship].Therein (that night) is decreed every matter of ordainments”
Ibn Jarir al-Tabari (may Allah have mercy on him) said: the commentators differed concerning that night, i.e., which night of the year it is. Some of them said that it is Laylat al-Qadr, and it was narrated from Qurtaadah that it is Laylat al-Qadr. Others said that it is the night of the 15th of Sha’baan. The correct view is the view of those who say that it is Laylat al-Qadr, because Allah has told us of that when He says,
‘Verily, We are ever warning’ [al-Dukhaan 44:3].”Laylat al-Qadr brings great reward for the one who does good deeds and strives in worship on that night.
Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Verily, We have sent it (this Qur’an) down in the Night of Al-Qadr (Decree).
And what will make you know what the Night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is?
The Night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is better than a thousand months (i.e. worshipping Allah in that night is better than worshipping Him a thousand months, i.e. 83 years and 4 months),
Therein descend the angels and the Rooh [Jibril (Gabriel)] by Allah’s Permission with all Decrees,
(All that night), there is peace (and goodness from Allah to His believing slaves) until the appearance of dawn”[al-Qadr 97:1-5]
There are many hadiths which speak of the virtue of that night, such as the hadith narrated by al-Bukhaari from Abu Hurayrah, in which Hazrat Muhammad P.B.U.H said:
“Whoever spends Laylat al-Qadr in prayer out of faith and hoping for reward, all his previous sins will be forgiven, and whoever fasts Ramadaan out of faith and hoping for reward, all his previous sins will be forgiven.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, al-Sawm, 1768).
(Tafsir al-Tabari, 11/221) Sunnis observe mid-Sha'ban as a night of worship and salvation. Various hadiths have been transmitted in this regard, some weak and others graded hasan or sahih. Scholars including Al-Shafi‘i, Al-Nawawi, Al-Ghazali and Al-Suyuti have declared praying extra on the night of mid-Sha'ban as acceptable.
In his Majmu`, Al-Nawawi quoted Al-Shafi`i saying that there are 5 nights when dua (prayer) is answered, one of them being the night of the 15th of Sha`ban.
There are many other narrations from Sahaba and early Muslims confirming this matter, as mentioned by Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali in his Lataif al-Ma`arif, amongst others.
On this night, Muslims perform Nawaafil, recite the Qur'an, Salawat, Kalima Tayyibah, and seek forgiveness.
Laylat al-Nusf min Sha’baan (the 15th of Sha’baan) is like any other night, and there is no sound report from Muhammad to indicate that on this night the fate or destiny of people is decided.
As for the other narrations concerning the 15th of Sha'baan (which are not believed authentic), the Hanafi scholar, Shaikh Mulla 'Ali al-Qaari (d.1014H) records some of these hadiths:
Also on this night the Doors of Mercy and Forgiveness are opened wide,and those who sincerely grieve over and repent for their past sins and seek forgiveness from Allah are pardoned and forgiven by Allah.Each Tasbih or Du’a should begin and terminate with the recital of Salawat and one who wishes for the acceptance of his Du’as should use the Wasila of Hazrat Muhammad S.A.W.W.
Shaykh Abd al-Qadir al-Gilani has mentioned in his book ”Ghunyat li Talibee Tariqil Haqq” (i.e., The Gift for those seeking the path of truth) that the month of Shaban according to some narrations is related to Muhammad ﷺ. So, it is the duty of Muslims, as the followers of Muhammad to love and respect this month more than any other month (besides Ramadhan). Muslims should also offer abundantly salutations upon Muhammad.
- Do Biddah.
- do Fireworks neither make sweets, it is never reported in any Hadith though.
- Don't miss Farz (Fajr) Prayer just because you were staying up all the night for Nafils.
Following are the types of people who, according to hadith, will not be forgiven even on the blessed night of Shab e Barat (if they do not repent):
- Mushrik (those who associate partners with Allah).
- The one who cuts off the ties of kinship (qata’ rehmi).
- The one who covers his ankles with pants, shalwar or any other garment coming from the top (for men only)
- The one who is disobedient towards his parents
- The one who drinks Alcohol
- The one who kills an innocent Muslim.
- The one who keeps Kina or hasad (enmity) or nourishes malice in his heart for other Muslims.
However, if someone repents from their sins, then Allah(SWT) is indeed all merciful and forgiving.
To learn How to pray this night , visit: http://www.islamicacademy.org/html/Great_Nights/Shabbe_Baraat.htm
Remember me in your prayers, May Allah (SWT) forgive each and every Muslim and May He guide us to the very right path.. Ameen
May Allah fulfills all the valid du'as, May He bless every person in this world with highest of Emaan, Shifa'a, Happiness and Success in this world and afterward. Ameen..
Recite Surah Fatiha once for every died Muslim. May Allah give them highest place in Jannat. Ameen
May Allah bless our country with peace and prosperity our countrymen with long lives and strong faith. Ameen